Orthodontics is a specialty that focuses on Crooked / Twisted teeth. This can broadly include bite correction, smile enhancement and balancing the dental arches.
How is it Done?
There are many methods for correcting malaligned teeth. Depending on the age & stage of growth of each individual, a mode of treatment that is tailored to the needs of each is individual can be selected.
These are great for controlling movement of teeth in all dimensions. Today there are many types of Braces available.
1. Metal Braces
They consist of small attachments called brackets, archwires, modules, elastics, ties and rubber bands. However, modern brackets are smaller and less noticeable than the notorious “metal-mouth” braces that many adults remember. Plus, new heat-activated archwires use your body heat to help teeth move more quickly and less painfully than in the past.
2. Ceramic Braces
Ceramic braces are tooth coloured braces that act in the same mechanism as the metal braces, but provide a higher aesthetic appearance.
3. Self-Ligating Braces
Self Ligating braces have brackets that come with an inbuilt clip mechanism. They provide an ease of maintenance, lesser chairside time and are known to considerably reduce treatment time in some cases. They are available in both metal and ceramic.
These are transparent orthodontic active appliances that work well for correction of mild to moderate crowding , lack or excessive spacing malalignments.
* They are extremely beneficial in terms of aesthetics as they are transparent.
* Great for maintenance of hygiene.
No one method is suitable for all. Speak to your Orthodontist to find out what mode of treatment will best suit you.
How Long Will the Treatment Be?
Treatment time varies for each person depending on the security of the problem.
On an average, treatment time can be anywhere between 18-24 months.
Once treatment is completed, a passive retainer needs to be worn to prevent relapse.
How Often Do I Need to Visit the ORTHODONTIST ?
You need to see your orthodontist once a month, during which adjustments will be made to ensure steady pressure on your teeth.
Do Braces Hurt?
Having braces will take getting used to. Sometimes you might feel sore after an adjustment has been made. This can be easily relieved with any pain medication
Caring For your braces
- Use a soft or extra soft bristled toothbrush.
- Brush in a gentle circular motion.
- Do not brush with excessive force.
- Always face a mirror while brushing your teeth.
- Avoid eating hard foods- like nuts.
- Cut foods like apples into small pieces before biting.
- Brush twice a day and rinse thoroughly after every meal.
Can Adults Wear Braces?
- The mechanism of tooth movement is the same at any age.
- Growing bone responds faster to pressure than mature bone.
- Braces can be worn by people of any age.
- There are many appliances of treatment available that you can choose from.
What Happens When Treatment is Incomplete?
Bones, muscles and gum fibres take time to shift & settle in their new positions after braces have successfully straightened teeth. Your Orthodontist will give you a ‘Retainer’ that ensures there is no shift of teeth positions even after braces are removed. Retainer- weartime varies for each individual.